exorcism


exorcism
The expulsion of evil spirits. It was the belief in the 1st cent. CE, and long afterwards, that evil spirits could take possession of a person and cause mental and physical illnesses, especially epilepsy. By exorcism, which could take the form of an incantation, the demon [[➝ demons]] might be expelled and the sufferer cured. Jesus cast out spirits (Mark 1:25; 9:25) and the disciples were given the same power (Matt. 10:1, 8), which they made use of (Acts 19:13–16), though exorcism is not included by Paul in any of his lists of spiritual gifts. Some of the Pharisees, however, were exorcists (Matt. 12:27), and Paul attributes some human ailments to Satan (2 Cor. 12:4).
Indeed belief in demons and demon possession was common amongst Jews of the 1st cent. CE, and in Hellenistic literature there are accounts of exorcists extracting a demon from the nose of a demoniac with a ring. Jesus' exorcisms were effected by word only. They are not mentioned in the gospel of John, but the undoubted fact of this aspect of Jesus' ministry witnesses, like his pre-critical views on the OT (e.g. Mark 12:36), to the distance of his world from ours. There has nevertheless been a revival of the practice of exorcism in some modern churches of a conservative outlook; sometimes there is cooperation with medical and psychiatric opinion.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Exorcism — (from Late Latin exorcismus , from Greek exorkizein to adjure) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed. The practice is quite ancient and part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Exorcism — • Exorcism is (1) the act of driving out, or warding off, demons, or evil spirits, from persons, places, or things, which are believed to be possessed or infested by them, or are liable to become victims or instruments of their malice; (2) the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • exorcism —    Exorcism is the act of freeing persons from the influence of, or possession by, what are believed to be demons or evil spirits. It played almost no role in the Protestant movement until the emergence of Pentecostalism in the 19th century; the… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • exorcism — EXORCÍSM s.n. Practică magică (rugăciuni, descântece etc.) care are drept scop alungarea duhurilor rele, a diavolilor etc. – Din fr. exorcisme. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  exorcísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • Exorcism — Ex or*cism ( s[i^]z m), n. [L. exorcismus, Gr. exorkizmo s; cf. F. exorcisme.] 1. The act of exorcising; the driving out of evil spirits from persons or places by conjuration; also, the form of conjuration used. [1913 Webster] 2. Conjuration for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • exorcism — early 15c., a calling up or driving out of evil spirits, from L.L. exorcismus, from Gk. exorkismos, from exorkizein exorcize, bind by oath, from ex out of + horkizein cause to swear, from horkos oath. Earlier in the same sense was exorcization… …   Etymology dictionary

  • exorcism — [n] expelling evil spirits casting out, ceremony, ejection, expulsion, purification, ritual; concepts 165,367 …   New thesaurus

  • exorcism — [eks′ôr siz΄əm, eks′ərsiz΄əm] n. [ME exorcisme < LL(Ec) exorcismus < Gr exorkismos] 1. the act of exorcising 2. a verbal formula or ritual used in exorcising …   English World dictionary

  • exorcism —    The expulsion of DEMONs and other unwanted spirits from a person or place. Rites of exorcism have been performed since ancient times as remedies against the negative or malevolent influences of spirits, such as the perceived cause of illnesses …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

  • exorcism — exorcismal /ek sawr siz meuhl, seuhr/, exorcisory /ek sawr suy zeuh ree, seuhr/, exorcistical, exorcistic, adj. /ek sawr siz euhm, seuhr /, n. 1. the act or process of exorcising. 2. the ceremony or the formula used in exorcising: An elaborate… …   Universalium


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